Explore Istanbul – Top Things to Do, See and Visit

Discover the beauty of Istanbul with our guide to the best attractions, activities, and experiences. Plan your trip today and explore this amazing city!

Istanbul, the city where East meets West, is a melting pot of culture, history, and natural beauty. With a history that spans over 2,500 years, it is no wonder that this city is a treasure trove of things to see and do. In this article, we will take you on a journey through the top attractions, must-visit neighborhoods, and culinary delights that this unique city has to offer. So, are you ready to explore Istanbul? Let’s dive in!

Historic Sites

Hagia Sophia

The Hagia Sophia, a UNESCO World Heritage site, is an architectural marvel that has stood the test of time. Originally built as a church by the Byzantine Empire, it later became a mosque under Ottoman rule, and is now a museum. Marvel at the stunning dome and beautiful Byzantine mosaics as you step back in time.

Topkapi Palace

Topkapi Palace, another UNESCO World Heritage site, is a must-visit for history buffs. Once the residence of Ottoman sultans, it now houses an incredible collection of artifacts, including the famous Topkapi Dagger and the Spoonmaker’s Diamond. Don’t miss the Harem, where you can get a glimpse of the lavish lifestyle of the sultans.

Basilica Cistern

An underground wonder, the Basilica Cistern is a massive water storage facility built by the Byzantine Empire. The eerily beautiful cistern is supported by 336 marble columns and is home to the famous Medusa head column bases. Can you imagine what secrets lie beneath the surface?

Galata Tower

For breathtaking panoramic views of Istanbul, head to the Galata Tower. This medieval stone tower, built by the Genoese in 1348, offers a 360-degree view of the city. Make sure to bring your camera for some stunning shots!


Grand Bazaar

Shopaholics, rejoice! The Grand Bazaar, one of the world’s oldest and largest covered markets, is a shopping paradise. With over 4,000 shops selling everything from carpets to jewelry, spices, and souvenirs, you’ll be spoiled for choice. Don’t forget to practice your haggling skills to get the best deals!

Spice Bazaar

Aromatic and colorful, the Spice Bazaar is an essential stop for foodies. Here, you’ll find a vast array of spices, teas, dried fruits, nuts, and Turkish delight. Immerse yourself in the vibrant atmosphere and let your senses guide you through this culinary haven.


Istanbul Archaeology Museum

The Istanbul Archaeology Museum, comprising three separate museums, is a treasure trove of artifacts spanning millennia. With its vast collection, including the Alexander Sarcophagus and the Treaty of Kadesh, this museum is a must-visit for history enthusiasts.

Turkish and Islamic Arts Museum

Dive into the world of Turkish and Islamic arts at this fascinating museum. The collection, housed in the historic Ibrahim Pasha Palace, includes carpets, calligraphy, ceramics, and more. Be sure to check out the breathtaking collection of antique carpets that are considered some of the finest examples in the world.

Chora Museum

The Chora Museum, once a church and later a mosque, is home to exquisite Byzantine mosaics and frescoes that are among the finest in existence. Step back in time and discover the beauty of these magnificent artworks, which depict scenes from the life of Christ and the Virgin Mary.



The historic heart of Istanbul, Sultanahmet is home to some of the city’s most iconic landmarks, including the Hagia Sophia, Blue Mosque, and Topkapi Palace. Wander the cobbled streets and take in the rich history that surrounds you at every turn.


Beyoğlu, a vibrant district on the European side of Istanbul, is known for its bustling shopping street, Istiklal Avenue, and the lively Taksim Square. The area is also home to numerous art galleries, theaters, and cafes. It’s the perfect place to experience Istanbul’s modern, cosmopolitan side.


Kadıköy, located on the Asian side of Istanbul, is a trendy neighborhood with a laid-back atmosphere. With its bustling market, street art, and lively bar scene, it’s a great place to explore on foot. Don’t miss the opportunity to sample some delicious street food while you’re there!


Bosphorus Cruise

A Bosphorus Cruise is an unforgettable way to experience Istanbul’s unique geography, as the city straddles two continents. Enjoy stunning views of waterfront mansions, Ottoman-era palaces, and modern skyscrapers as you glide along this historic waterway.

Prince’s Islands

Escape the hustle and bustle of the city with a trip to the tranquil Prince’s Islands. These car-free islands are perfect for leisurely walks, bike rides, or horse-drawn carriage tours. Make sure to visit Büyükada, the largest island, for its beautiful wooden mansions and panoramic views.

Emirgan Park

Located on the European side of the city, Emirgan Park is a beautiful green space that offers respite from the urban jungle. With its colorful tulips, walking trails, and stunning Bosphorus views, it’s the ideal spot for a picnic or a leisurely stroll.

Culinary Delights

Traditional Foods

Istanbul’s rich culinary scene is a testament to its diverse history and culture. Be sure to try traditional dishes such as baklava, kebabs, meze, and pide. Wash it all down with some Turkish tea or coffee for an authentic experience.

Street Food

Istanbul’s street food scene is both delicious and affordable. Don’t miss out on trying mouthwatering treats like simit (a sesame-crusted bread ring), balık ekmek (fish sandwich), and roasted chestnuts. These on-the-go options are perfect for fueling your adventures around the city.

Fine Dining

For those looking to indulge in a more upscale dining experience, Istanbul has plenty to offer. The city boasts numerous fine dining establishments, where you can savor contemporary Turkish cuisine or international dishes with a twist. Treat yourself to a memorable meal with stunning views of the Bosphorus or the city’s iconic landmarks.

Religious Sites

Blue Mosque (Sultanahmet Mosque)

One of Istanbul’s most iconic landmarks, the Blue Mosque, is an architectural masterpiece and a symbol of the city’s rich religious heritage. With its six minarets and stunning blue Iznik tiles, the mosque is a must-see for any visitor. As you step inside, you’ll be awed by the grandeur of its domed ceilings and the intricate calligraphy adorning the walls.

Süleymaniye Mosque

The Süleymaniye Mosque, designed by the renowned architect Sinan, is another breathtaking religious site in Istanbul. Commissioned by Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent, this mosque is a testament to the grandeur of the Ottoman Empire. Don’t miss the chance to explore its serene courtyards and beautiful gardens, offering a peaceful escape from the bustling city.

Modern Attractions

Istanbul Modern

Art lovers should not miss the Istanbul Modern, Turkey’s first museum of modern and contemporary art. Located in a converted warehouse on the Bosphorus waterfront, the museum boasts an impressive collection of Turkish and international artworks, as well as temporary exhibitions by emerging artists. Be inspired by the creativity on display and gain a new appreciation for Turkey’s vibrant art scene.

Dolmabahçe Palace

Dolmabahçe Palace, built in the 19th century, is a stunning example of European-influenced Ottoman architecture. This opulent palace, which served as the final residence of the Ottoman sultans, features magnificent rooms adorned with chandeliers, gold leaf, and marble. The palace’s breathtaking Bosphorus views only add to its allure.

Entertainment and Nightlife

Galata Bridge

The Galata Bridge, spanning the Golden Horn, is not just a means of crossing from one side of the city to the other; it’s also a hub of activity, offering stunning views and lively entertainment. Watch fishermen casting their lines or enjoy a meal at one of the many seafood restaurants beneath the bridge. As the sun sets, the bridge comes alive with bustling bars and cafes, making it a perfect spot for a night out.

Nevizade Street

Nestled in the heart of Beyoğlu, Nevizade Street is a lively and colorful hub for nightlife. Lined with meyhanes (traditional Turkish taverns), bars, and restaurants, this narrow, cobbled street is a favorite among locals and tourists alike. Experience Istanbul’s vibrant night scene, indulge in delicious meze, and enjoy live music and entertainment as you make your way through this lively district.

Family-Friendly Activities


Miniaturk, an open-air miniature park, offers a fun and educational experience for the whole family. The park features over 120 detailed models of Turkey’s most famous landmarks, including the Hagia Sophia and Selimiye Mosque. This unique attraction provides a wonderful way to discover Turkey’s rich history and culture in a single visit.

Aqua Florya

Aqua Florya, located near Atatürk International Airport, is an impressive shopping mall that also houses one of Turkey’s largest aquariums. With over 15,000 marine creatures, a rainforest, and a 5D cinema, this family-friendly attraction offers hours of entertainment for visitors of all ages.

Shopping Malls

İstinye Park

İstinye Park is an upscale shopping mall located in the İstinye neighborhood, offering a mix of luxury and high-street brands, along with numerous dining options. The mall’s beautiful architecture and open-air spaces make for a delightful shopping experience. Don’t miss the chance to visit the mall’s outdoor green spaces, where you can take a break and enjoy the surrounding scenery.


Kanyon, situated in the Levent district, is a strikingly designed shopping mall that seamlessly integrates shopping, entertainment, and dining options. With its unique architectural design and a wide variety of high-end stores, Kanyon offers a one-of-a-kind shopping experience in Istanbul.

Traditional Shows and Performances

Whirling Dervishes

The Whirling Dervishes are a mystical Sufi order known for their mesmerizing spinning dance, called the Sema ceremony. This spiritual performance is a beautiful representation of the journey towards divine love and is a must-see for anyone visiting Istanbul. There are several venues around the city where you can witness this captivating ritual, such as the Hodjapasha Cultural Center and Galata Mevlevi Museum.

Turkish Night Shows

Experience a memorable night out in Istanbul by attending a Turkish Night Show. These vibrant performances feature traditional Turkish music, folk dances, and even belly dancing. Enjoy a delightful dinner while being entertained by talented performers in an authentic, captivating atmosphere.

Sports and Activities

Galatasaray and Fenerbahçe Football Matches

Istanbul is home to two of Turkey’s most popular football clubs, Galatasaray and Fenerbahçe. Attending a match between these fierce rivals is an unforgettable experience, as the passion and energy of the fans create an electric atmosphere. If you’re a sports enthusiast, be sure to catch a game at either Türk Telekom Stadium or Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium.

Hamam (Turkish Bath)

No visit to Istanbul would be complete without experiencing a traditional Turkish bath, or hamam. This centuries-old practice of cleansing and relaxation is an essential part of Turkish culture. Unwind in a historic hamam, such as Ayasofya Hürrem Sultan Hamam or Çemberlitaş Hamam, and allow yourself to be pampered with a rejuvenating scrub and massage.

With its rich history, diverse culture, and endless array of attractions, Istanbul is a city that truly offers something for everyone. From the awe-inspiring architecture of its ancient landmarks to its bustling markets, world-class museums, and lively entertainment scene, the city invites you to embark on a journey of discovery and adventure. So pack your bags and let the magic of Istanbul captivate you, as you explore all that this enchanting city has to offer.